The administrative quarter, of course, did not only consist of the governor’s palace. Those splendid villas, baths, temples, and rich houses, too, belong to it, which were grouped in the northern and north-eastern strip of the military town in Óbuda, opposite the palace of the governor. The buildings of the administrative quarter housed the offices of the provincial administration, and the houses of high-ranking administrators, one of which was the so-called Hercules Villa in Meggyfa utca.
The core of the building was probably constructed in the first half of the 2nd century. At the beginning of the 3rd century, when a significant part of official functions was transferred to the “officers’ houses”, the house was extended and equipped with floor heating, and the floors were decorated with mosaics. In three sequential living rooms, parts of the mosaic floor collapsed into the heating vent below. In the two southern rooms, only parts of the frame (with geometric motifs) from a Pannonian workshop survived, but in the third, the larger part of central panel (emblema) has survived, depicting the duel between Heracles and Nessos the centaur. This emblama, however, was presumably made by an Alexandrian workshop. This mosaic is so far the only imported mosaic, not only in Aquincum, but in the whole of Pannonia. The floor of the tablinum displayed a merry, drunken Dionysian thiasus. In an intact section of the mosaic, Amor offers grapes to an approaching tigress. The stand-alone bathhouse, too, was decorated with a mosaic. The mosaic covering the apodyterium, depicting boxers survived almost entirely. It depicts a winner, flexing his muscles in a victorious pose, and a loser, collapsed on the ground with a bleeding forehead.
The walls were decorated with frescoes. A few characteristic motifs have been exhibited in the protective building built above the tablinum.
The Hercules Villa is open to visitors from 15 April to 28 October 2018 only on Sundays from 11:00 to 13:00.